The Gap Between the North and the South

Breaking News: Dr. Budi Pramono, S.IP., M.M., M.A., (GSC)., CIQaR., CIQnR., MOS., MCE., CIMMR Delivers Lecture in International Class on Defense Diplomacy, Regional, and Global Security with the Topic "The Gap Between the North and the South" 

Jakarta- On Wednesday, November 15, 2023, Dr. Budi Pramono, an international expert with several prestigious degrees and accreditations, delivered a special lecture in the International Class Program on Defense Diplomacy, Regional, and Global Security. The lecture took place at Republic of Indonesian Defense University (RIDU) and marked a significant highlight in the academic calendar.

In his lecture titled "The Gap Between the North and the South," Dr. Budi Pramono addressed important and relevant issues in the world of geopolitics and global development. Dr. Budi Pramono is renowned as an expert in international relations and diplomacy, and his extensive experience makes him a highly influential speaker in universities.

In his insightful lecture, Dr. Budi Pramono discussed the early history of the North-South Divide, which originated during the Cold War era, as well as the evolution of geopolitical dynamics that have occurred since then. He explained how this division no longer fully reflects the complex realities of contemporary development and international relations.

Dr. Budi Pramono also explored various factors influencing the economic and political disparities between North and South countries and their impact on global development. He emphasized the importance of collaborative efforts and international programs in reducing the gap between these two regions.

Towards the end of his lecture, Dr. Budi Pramono encouraged students and participants to actively engage in efforts aimed at narrowing the gap between the North and the South. He underscored the vital role of defense diplomacy in maintaining global peace and security and promoting sustainable development.

The lecture received a warm reception from participants, including students from various countries and professionals in the field of diplomacy and security. Dr. Budi Pramono was honored for his valuable contribution in expanding understanding of these critical issues.

This lecture by Dr. Budi Pramono highlights the importance of discussions and research on global issues and how international cooperation can be the key to addressing inequalities among nations worldwide. The success of this lecture is a clear testament to Republic of Indonesian Defense University (RIDU)'s commitment to enhancing understanding and awareness in the field of global diplomacy and security.(MA)

The Gap Between North and South

Author: MG Dr. Budi Pramono, S.IP., M.M., M.A., (GSC)., CIQar., CIQnR., MOS., MCE., CIMMR.


This material discusses the origins of the North-South Divide that emerged during the Cold War. At that time, countries were categorized based on their alignment with either the Eastern bloc of Russia or the Western bloc of America, leading to classifications of countries as First, Second, and Third World nations.

Global North

This section describes the Global North, encompassing advanced societies in Europe and North America. Characteristics of these regions include established democracies, wealth, technological advancement, political stability, aging populations, and dominance in world trade and politics.

Global South

In contrast, the Global South, which includes developing countries in Africa, India, China, Latin America, and others, is portrayed. These regions are less stable economically and politically, often marked by turmoil, war, conflict, poverty, anarchy, and tyranny.

A Globalized World

The material then addresses the contradictory trends in a globalized world, where markets open up prospects for immense wealth but also create vulnerabilities to political turmoil and new disparities.

Development Trends and Politics

This section discusses the impact of globalization on developing countries, where local companies are often acquired by Western multinationals, and the political implications of this integration.

Economic Disparities in Developing Countries

The material highlights the division within the economies of developing countries, where some companies are integrated into the global economy while others remain disconnected, leading to an increasing gap.


The material concludes by reaffirming the socio-economic and political categorization of the North-South divide and notes the evolving nature of development gaps, as measured by metrics like the Human Development Index (HDI).

Lessons Learned

The final section suggests the role of the United Nations in developing programs aimed at narrowing the gap through initiatives like the Millennium Development Goals, emphasizing education, healthcare, gender equality, and environmental sustainability.

This material provides a deep understanding of the complexities surrounding the North-South divide, highlighting the need for coordinated global efforts to bridge this gap.(MA)